Determinationsteori: Teknologi og kultur


Fra mennesket opstod for omkring 200.000 år siden til idag har der været 5 store epoker: 
Jæger-samlersamfund, nomadesamfund, landbrugssamfund, industrisamfund og informationsamfund

Indholdet vil fokusere på årsagerne til overgangene mellem verdenshistoriens fem store epoker:

200.000 - 10.00010.000 - 5.0005.000 - 18001800 - 19501950 - idag
Jæger-samlersamfundNomadesamfund Landbrugssamfund IndustrisamfundInformationsamfund
Lee and DeVore eds. 
Man the Hunter
Bellwood, P. 2004:
First Farmers:
Marc Bloch, Feudal
M.Weber (w1) (w2)
(w1) (w2)


Referencer til makrohistorie:

McNeill, William (wiki) om overgangen til industrisamfund og vestens kolonisystem (wiki).

Manual De Landa 2000: A Thousand years of nonlinear history. New York 
Om overgangen fra landbrugssamfund til industrisamfund, se for perioden 1400-idag

Jæger-samler samfundet

Homo sapiens before starting food production 
Klima, B. 2003: The period of homo sapiens of the modern type before starting food production. History of the humankind, vol 1. The primodial time and beginnings of civilizaton, pp. 198-207. 

Leonid E. Grinin: Production Revolutions and Periodization of History:
A Comparative and Theoretic-mathematical Approach".   
Social Evolution & History, Vol. 6 No. 2, September 2007 pp. 75-121. ... 

Én enkelt udvandringsbølge spredte mennesket på kloden ... 

Atlas of human evolution


Overgangen fra jæger-samler samfund til landbrugssamfund

Scott, James C. 2017: Against the Grain: A Deep History of the Earliest States. Yale University Press.  

But archaeological and historical evidence challenges this narrative. The first agrarian states, says James C. Scott, were born of accumulations of domestications: first fire, then plants, livestock, subjects of the state, captives, and finally women in the patriarchal family-all of which can be viewed as a way of gaining control over reproduction. Scott explores why we avoided sedentism and plow agriculture, the advantages of mobile subsistence, the unforeseeable disease epidemics arising from crowding plants, animals, and grain, and why all early states are based on millets and cereal grains and unfree labor. He also discusses the "barbarians" who long evaded state control, as a way of understanding continuing tension between states and nonsubject peoples. ...

Mears , John A. 2001 . ‘ Agricultural Origins in Global Perspective . ’
In: Adas , M. (ed.) Agricultural and Pastoral Societies in Ancient and Classical History. Philadelphia, Temple University Press ( 36 – 70 ). 

Smith , Bruce D. 1995. The Emergence of Agriculture. New York , W.H. Freeman & Co., Scientific American Library . 

Robot samfundet

The Cybernetic Revolution 
The Cybernetic Revolution and the Forthcoming Epoch of Self-Regulating Systems
Grinin, Leonid and Grinin, Anton L. ...