Determinationsteori: Teknologi og kultur

Bronzealderen: 3500 - 1200 fvt.  
Bronzealderen er kulturperioden mellem stenalder og jernalderen.
Bronzealderen indtræffer på forskellige tidspunkter i forskellige områder: de tidligst kendte bronzegenstande stammer fra  Egypten og Mesopotamien ca. 3500 fvt.
Fra omkring år 1800 fvt. var der en selvstændig nordisk bronzealderkultur.

Christian Jürgensen Thomsen formulerede opdelingen af oldtidens kulturer i treperiodesystemet stenalder, bronzealder og jernalder. Denne opdeling blev grundlaget for arkæologisk forskning i hele Europa.

Uluburun shipwreck

Uluburun shipwreck
DR 18/6-2018: Grækerne - fra hulemænd til konger (1:3).

The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History
Nancy H. Demand ... 

Klengel 1974 ... one of the the characteristics of states dependent on rainfall agriculture is a tendency to be more agressively ... ... 


The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History 
Chapter 8: The Late Bronze Age Collapse and its Aftermath 
... The system was so interwoven, however, that an explanation for its collapse has been framed in terms of catastrophe theory (Renfrew 1979)
The Mediterranean Context of Early Greek History, First Edition. Nancy H. Demand.
! 2011 Nancy H. Demand. Published 2011 by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Greek History.pdf

Sea People

Sea People  
A letter found at Ugarit presaged the disaster that was to come: dating to ca.
1200–1185, it was sent by the Hittite king and was addressed not to the king of Ugarit
but to the prefect. Notably, it sought information about “the Shikila who live on
boats,” and expressed concern about the youth and lack of knowledge of the king.
These Shikila were probably the Shekelesh/Sheklesh/Shikala, who were part of the
combined force of “Sea People” who attacked Egypt in 1208 BC, and again in 1176 BC.  (Liverani 1979: 134–6; Yon 1992: 114). the most famous assault on Egyptian territory was the one he attributed to the Peoples of the Islands, or the Sea Peoples, which occurred in Year 8 of his reign (ca. 1190 BC) and was memorialized in his mortuary temple at Medinet Habu (1927: vol. 4, nos 59–92; O’Connor 2000; Redford 2000: 8–13).
In this inscription, aside from the Shekelesh, a different group of attackers are identified from those who attacked in the reign of Merneptah: the Weshesh, Danyen, Tjakker, and Peleset. As Cifola (1988) has pointed out, Ramesses’ inscription conflates a number of smaller attacks by various peoples at various times into one grand tale, and lends them an unlikely degree of organization and common purpose.

Even the portrayals of the fighters, which seem to provide information about their customary dress and equipment, probably resulted less from an intention to represent them accurately than from a propagandistic emphasis on their fearsome and bizarre appearance, which further bolstered the greatness of the pharaoh’s accomplishment in defeating them (Oren 2000). Greek History.pdf

Sea Peoples - By: Eric Cline
The Sea Peoples are a purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BC)

Ask a Near East Professional: Who are the Sea Peoples and what role did they play in the devastation of civilizations?

Sea Peoples in North Syria and the Mediterranean Coast ...